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Foot and ankle

Foot and ankle

The foot & ankle are highly complex structures of the human body that contain ligaments, multiple bones and tendons.

Avicenna Clinic offers a range of treatment options for foot and ankle conditions, including both surgical and non-surgical methods. Our goal is to provide the most appropriate and effective treatment for each individual patient, based on their specific condition and needs.

For non-surgical treatments, we may use a variety of techniques to alleviate pain and inflammation, improve range of motion, and correct any underlying gait abnormalities. Physical therapy, for example, is often used to help patients regain strength and flexibility in their feet and ankles. We may also use custom orthotics, padding and taping, or other forms of bracing to provide support and alleviate pressure on affected areas.

In some cases, non-surgical treatments may not provide the desired level of relief, and surgery may be recommended. Surgical options for foot and ankle conditions include procedures such as:

  • Achilles tendon repair for Achilles tendonitis
  • Bunionectomy for bunions
  • Ankle fusion for ankle arthritis
  • Ligament and tendon repair for sprains and other injuries
  • Arthroscopy for the removal of bone spurs, loose bodies, and other debris.

We believe that the key to successful treatment of foot and ankle conditions is a holistic approach that addresses not only the symptoms but also the underlying cause of the problem. A team of orthopaedic specialists will work closely with you to evaluate your condition, discuss the various treatment options available, and help you make an informed decision about which course of treatment is best for you.

Foot and Ankle Anatomy

The ankles and feet are known to be the foundation of the body. The main structures of the foot and ankle include:

Bones:
  • The ankle bone (talus) sits at the top of the foot and connects the leg bones (tibia and fibula) to the foot bones (calcaneus, navicular, cuboid and the three cuneiform bones).
  • The heel bone (calcaneus) is the largest bone in the foot and supports the weight of the body.
  • The arch of the foot is composed of the navicular, cuneiform bones and cuboid bones.
  • The toes are composed of the phalanges, which are the long bones of the toes, and the metatarsals, which are the bones that connect the toes to the rest of the foot.
Ligaments and Tendons:
  • The ankle joint is held together by several ligaments that provide stability and support, including the anterior talofibular ligament, the calcaneofibular ligament, and the posterior talofibular ligament.
  • The tendons that attach muscles to the bones of the foot and ankle, including the Achilles tendon and the peroneal tendons, play a crucial role in the movement and function of the foot and ankle.
Muscles:
  • The muscles of the foot and ankle are responsible for movement and support of the foot and ankle. They include the calf muscles, such as the gastrocnemius and soleus, as well as the intrinsic muscles of the foot, such as the flexor digitorum brevis and the extensor digitorum brevis.
Other Structures:
  • The arches of the foot provide support and shock absorption. The medial arch is formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones, and the lateral arch is formed by the calcaneus, cuboid, and the fifth metatarsal.
  • The plantar fascia is a strong band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, from the heel to the toes, providing support and stability to the arch of the foot.
  • The skin and subcutaneous tissues, including the fat and blood vessels, also play a role in the function of the foot and ankle by providing cushioning and nourishment to the bones and muscles.

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More Orthopaedic Conditions

Avicenna has specialists across a number of clinical areas, reinforced by an excellent support team, providing integrated diagnostic and treatment services

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